Paddleboarding in flat conditions at Hunstanton, Norfolk

Understanding Wind and Weather Conditions when Paddleboarding

Wind conditions play a crucial role in stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) and can greatly affect your experience on the water. Here are some key points to consider:

Not every day is ideal for paddleboarding – Check the forecast!

You must check the forecast before venturing out on the water, especially in the open sea. Conditions can change very quickly, wind can increase in a matter of minutes, and you don’t want to get caught out, simply by not checking the wind and weather forecast.
Assess the situation. Just because the forecast might be telling you it’s going to be a perfect day, you need to consider what the actual live weather and wind speed is currently doing.
This is known as a dynamic assessment.

Many times I’ve scheduled paddleboarding sessions based on a good forecast, only having to postpone the entire session as there is more wind speed than forecast. It’s very frustrating in terms of running a business, but it’s best to be safe.

Knowing what Conditions to Look For

Wind Direction
Understanding the direction of the wind is crucial before embarking on your SUP adventure. A tailwind, blowing from behind and in the same direction you’re paddling, can offer a welcome boost, making paddling easier. However, it’s essential to remain mindful that relying too heavily on a tailwind can create a false sense of security. When you turn around, paddling against the wind to return to your starting point can prove challenging and require considerable effort.

Conversely, encountering a headwind, blowing against your direction of travel, can pose a significant challenge, especially for those new to stand-up paddleboarding. Paddling against a headwind over an extended period can be tiring and detract from the enjoyment of the experience.

As a best practice, consider paddling into the wind direction first. By tackling the most challenging direction initially, you can make your return journey more manageable and enjoy a smoother overall outing.

Learn the basics with a two hour introductory lessons from Hunstanton Watersports

Offshore Winds:
Offshore wind can be dangerous for the obvious reason, you’ll be blown out to sea.
This particular wind direction can be deceiving, as the sea state will mostly be flat as the wind is coming across the land, creating what we call a wind shadow nearer the shore. Resulting in calm conditions; however, the further out you go, the stronger the wind will become, making it harder to paddle in against the offshore wind. So getting back to shore can become troublesome.
It’s good practice to avoid offshore winds unless you are experienced and know what you are doing

Remember, understanding wind dynamics and planning your route accordingly can enhance your SUP experience and ensure a safer and more enjoyable time on the water.

Wind Speed/strength:
The speed of the wind also hugely impacts your paddleboarding experience. Light to moderate winds can add an enjoyable element to your outing, providing a gentle breeze and some cooling relief on warmer days. However, strong winds can create rougher water conditions, increasing the risk of choppy waves (sea state) and making it more difficult to maintain balance on your board.

If you are learning to paddleboard, you ideally need to be looking for less than 10 knots of wind, especially on the open sea. With inland paddleboarding on rivers and lakes (sheltered water), you can push this wind speed slightly as inland you get more shelter. Also, in the worst case scenario, you can always find refuge at the edge, side of the river or lake.
Anything more than 10kts on the open sea can become very challenging, the sea state will become rough, choppy and you could get into a world of trouble.

Wind Gusts:
Be mindful of wind gusts, which are sudden increases in wind speed. Gusts can catch you off guard and affect your stability on the paddleboard, especially if you’re in open water or navigating narrow channels where the wind can funnel through.

Sheltered Areas:
When planning your paddleboarding route, consider seeking out sheltered areas that are protected from strong winds. These can include rivers, lakes, or areas behind islands or shoreline structures. Paddling in sheltered waters can provide a more tranquil and enjoyable experience, particularly for beginners or those looking for a leisurely outing.

Wind and Weather Forecasting Websites
Here are some useful wind forecasting websites:. You will have to search for your specific location.

Safety Precautions:
Always prioritise safety when paddleboarding in windy conditions. Wear a personal flotation device (PFD) and consider using a leash to keep yourself tethered to your board. Be aware of your skill level and comfort in varying wind conditions, and avoid venturing too far from shore if you’re not confident in your abilities.

By staying informed about wind/weather conditions and how they can impact your paddleboarding experience, you can make the most of your time on the water while staying safe and enjoying all that this fantastic sport has to offer.

Stay Safe on the Water – Always check the weather and wind forecasts!


  • Steve Murfet

    Hey there! 👋 Since 2006, I’ve had the privilege of running Hunstanton Watersports, building on my previous teaching experience. I still instruct on a day-to-day basis as it keeps me deeply connected to what I love most. Water sports have been my passion since I was young, whether it’s waterskiing, wakeboarding, windsurfing, sailing, or kitesurfing. I feel incredibly fortunate to work in an industry I adore, where I can share my enthusiasm and knowledge, empowering others to dive into these amazing activities alongside me. I hope to continue inspiring more in to such an incredible world of watersports.

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